Are You Listening?

 

One of the most common questions that parents ask is if their child is ready for Kindergarten. Not only do children need to know how to write their names and count to ten, but they also have to master a variety of social skills in order to successfully transition into a Kindergarten classroom. Children in Kindergarten are expected to follow routines and simple directions, show independence skills in potty training and self-care, share space and objects with about twenty other children their age and complete a variety of projects throughout the school day.

Although these are all important topics to address, following directions is a skill which weaves through all areas of development. At home, parents give children a variety of directions throughout the day, usually when it comes to routines. The most common include:

  • Put your toys away.
  • Put your shoes on.
  • Get up.
  • Stay out of the street.
  • The toothpaste belongs on the toothbrush.

Each of these directions correlate to daily activities which children are expected to follow in order to complete that task. What about new tasks that children have not been exposed to before, such as how to draw a sun or how to stay on a red line when leaving the play yard. Children need to be exposed to a variety of directions which will lead to the completion of new Kindergarten tasks.

It is important to remember which developmental stage children are at when given directions. Can they understand what you are saying? Are you giving the direction too far away (from another room) or during an inappropriate time (such as while they are watching a show)? The following is a guide on how to give directions to different age groups, and some activities which support the directions.

for children 6 months through 12 months old:
  • Keep directions simple.
  • Use lots of gestures such as pointing and demonstrate the task at hand.
  • Make eye contact.
for children 12 months through 18 months old:
  • Keep directions to one step at a time (Put your shoes in the box).
  • Make eye contact when giving the direction.
  • Use gestures as needed.
for children 18 months through 24 months old:
  • Start to introduce simple two-step direction which include the same object (Put your shoes in the box then put the lid on the box).
  • Make eye contact when giving the direction.
  • Use gestures as needed.
for children 2 years old through 3 1/2 years old:
  • Start introducing two-step directions which include different objects (Put your shoes in the box and close the door).
  • It’s okay to give a direction when in the same room without making eye contact.
  • Make sure not to give a direction when the child is engaged in another activity.
for children 3 1/2 through 5 years old:
  • It is now okay to give children multiple step directions (Put your shoes in the box, close the door then sit at the table).
  • Make sure not to give a directions when the child is engaged in another activity.
  • Develop games to introduce new directions they haven’t heard before.
Games and Activities to Incorporate into your day to practice following directions:
  • Hide and Seek
  • Simon Says
  • Follow the Leader
  • What’s in the Box
  • Preparing a Meal in the Kitchen
  • Adult-led Art Projects
  • Exploring a trail outdoors
  • I Spy with My Eye
  • Where’s Waldo/Frosty/Favorite Stuffed Animal

Following directions are such an important part of Kindergarten and beyond. Make sure to thank or praise a child after they complete a task.


3 comments

  • I love that you listed some games to play with your child. As a mom of two, and a volunteer who has taught children for over 15 years, that is the best way to engage and teach a child….through play!

    Shantell Sweeney
  • Great tips. Thanks!

    Alicja
  • Great ideas broken by age group!

    Stacy

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